'''Émile Édouard Charles Antoine Zola'''
[Éditions Larousse|Larousse, [http://www.larousse.fr/encyclopedie/personnage/Zola/150676 ''Émile Zola'']]
[[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/zola "Zola"]. ''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''.]
; 2 April 1840 – 29 September 1902)
was a French novelist, playwright, journalist, the best-known practitioner of the literary school of Naturalism (literature)|naturalism
, and an important contributor to the development of Naturalism (theatre)|theatrical naturalism
. He was a major figure in the political liberalization of France and in the exoneration of the falsely accused and convicted army officer Alfred Dreyfus
, which is encapsulated in the renowned newspaper headline ''J'accuse (letter)|J'accuse
''. Zola was nominated for the first and second Nobel Prize in Literature
in 1901 and 1902.